Types of medications to treat hair loss and strengthening
Our specialists at the Renaissance Hair Specialty Clinic who are specialized in the treatment of hair loss and scalp disorders, so far, have treated thousands of people with various types of hair loss with methods such as hair transplantation, hair PRP, mesotherapy and laser therapy. Our practitioners often prescribe medications to help prevent more hair loss and increase their rejuvenation as much as possible.For more information on hair transplantation and other methods of hair transplantation, please contact our consultants at +98-2188943653.
Localized minoxidil prevents hair loss and thinnes and stimulates new hair growth. It can be used to treat people with various types of hair loss, including male and female pattern baldness, also known as Androgenetic Alopecia; skeletal hair loss is an autoimmune disease thereby the body's immune system attack healthy body tissues, including hair follicles; Telogen effluvium is a disease that causes hair loss due to disruption of the hair production cycle in the body; Anagen effluvium or rapid hair loss caused by the use of certain therapies such as chemotherapy; hypothyroidism which is a rare disease, thereby very delicate hair grows on the scalp and body and, some suffers from hair loss due to injury and scarring. The way this medicine is used to treat hair loss is still not well known, but many people have been able to achieve great results using it. Although the minoxidil drug is also available without a prescription, but it is better to consult a hair specialist about taking it to get the best results. A hair specialist can detect the exact cause of your hair loss and determine which concentration of the minoxidil drug (2% or 5%) is best for you. In addition, the hair specialist can show you how to use this medicine.
Minoxidil is produced in the form of foam or liquid. To get the best results, this drug should be applied twice daily on the scalp twice daily. Of course, it may take 4 months to 1 year to make the hair noticeably thick. It may also increase your hair loss early in the course of taking this medication and even this hair loss will continue until one or two months later.
After about 6 months, the hair specialist evaluates the progress of treatment and the effect of the drug. To this end, the doctor compares your current hair photos with the photos taken at the beginning of the treatment course and counts the number of new hair on the scalp. If the results are satisfactory for you, you can continue taking this medicine as often as necessary. But if you stop taking medication, severe hair loss also often starts again.
The side effects of minoxidil have been rarely reported, but it can include redness and tenderness of the scalp and hair growth in the face.
Finasteride is a medicine used to treat male and female pattern hair loss, or androgenic alopecia. This drug reduces the hair loss rate and stimulates the growth of new hair. The way this medicine works is by preventing the production of hormones that eliminate hair follicles in the body. This medication is taken orally once a day and it's most efficient is obtained when it's consumed every day at a specific time. The effects of finasteride will be observed after about 4 months from the onset of consumption, but usually, until one year later, you can see a significant increase in hair growth. Your hair specialist will check the progression of your results after about 6 months to determine if the use of this drug is good for you. If the effect of the medicine is good, the treatment can be continued until the growth and density of the hair reaches the desired level, but if the drug is stopped, hair loss may start again.
The side effects of finasteride are very rare, but can include erectile dysfunction and depression.
Antiangiogenics are drugs that inhibit the activity of the androgen hormones. Androgens are sex hormones that damage or hurt follicles in the hair. Therefore, anti-angiogenic drugs can stop female hair loss, also known as androgenetic alopecia, in women.
Antiangiogenic drugs can only be provided with a prescription. These drugs include spironolactone and contraceptives, or estrogen-based contraceptive pills. Antiangiogenic drugs usually show their effects about 4 months after starting. It is essential to take this medicine for long periods of time to prevent hair loss.
Antiangiogenic drugs can cause various side effects, including disruption of the menstrual cycle and drowsiness disorder. Women who are going to become pregnant should not take these medications.
Some types of hair loss are due to autoimmune diseases and their treatment will be completely different with the hair loss caused by hormonal disorders. Autoimmune disease is a condition in which the immune system attacks healthy tissues and organs, including skin and hair follicles and sometimes it completely eliminates healthy hair follicles.
Corticosteroid medications are used to treat patients who suffer from alopecia areata, lichen planus, and descoid lupus erythematosus. These drugs play a role in suppressing the immune system and so they can disrupt the effects of autoimmune diseases and provide the possibility of hair growth. Steroids are provided as edible or injectable solutions and the prescription is surely needed for preparing them. The hair doctor identifies which method of taking corticosteroids is best for you with which method according to your age and the severity of the damage symptoms
For children who are affected by slump hair loss, a local steroid cream can be applied to the scalp or body at the site of the onset of symptoms. In adults, it's possible that a hair specialist will inject a steroid drug into the scalp or body. In each treatment session, up to 80 injections may be applied to bald blemishes.
Steroid therapy sessions can be scheduled every 4 to 6 weeks. Hair regrowth will begin within one to two months after starting treatment. If your hair does not grow or you can not handle the needles used for steroid injections, your hair specialist may prescribe oral medications for 8 to 10 weeks. If after about 6 months, no clear results from these medications the treatment must be stopped.
Topical and injectable corticosteroid drugs have some side effects, including sensation and itching of the scalp which can lead to ulceration, thinning the scalp and redness or puffing the face. In addition, oral administration of these drugs can weaken the immune system and reduce the body's ability to fight viral or bacterial infections.
If your hair loss is due to a fungal infection called tinea capitis or baldness with a ringworm pattern, the hair specialist prescribes an antifungal medicine that, you need to eat it every day. Observation of the results of this drug often takes one to two months and treatment with this drug lasts for several months until the fungus completely eliminates the disease. If the treatment starts immediately after symptoms begin, then good results in terms of hair growth were obtained.
The side effects of antifungal drugs can include itching and bruising, diarrhea and abdominal pain (stomach).
Many types of hair loss are treated with a combination of different medications to get good results from their treatment. A hair specialist may also prescribe medications to prevent the immune system from invading your healthy hair cells. You may also be prescribed anti-malaria medications to reduce scalp inflammation. Your hair specialist gives you information about each of these medications and, the benefits, risks and possible side effects of these medications are fully explained.